Eye Health for Adults

The American Optometric Association (AOA) recommends that most people have an eye exam every one to two years depending upon age and health.  An annual eye exam is one of the most important diagnostic and preventative measures you can take to protect your vision and health.

If you are in a higher-risk category for eye disease or complications, such as diabetes your eye doctor will recommend more frequent exams. If you notice a change in your vision or receive an injury to your eye, you should contact your eye care professional immediately.

Common Vision Problems

  • Myopia (nearsighted)
  • Hyperopia (farsighted)
  • Presbyopia (also known as Aging eyes)
  • Astigmatism (irregular curvature of the front of the eye)

Common Eye Conditions

  • Computer vision syndrome -Many people using a computer for long periods experience eyestrain, this is called Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS). CVS affects everyone who works on a computer and consists of symptoms such as headache, dry eyes, fatigue, blurred and double vision.
  • Dry eye -A persistent lack of sufficient lubrication and moisture in the eye, causing slight but regular irritation to ocular inflammation of the anterior (front) tissues of the eye.
  • Floaters -Are what appear to be small specks or clouds moving in your field of vision. But they are actually small clumps of gel or cells inside the vitreous, the clear jelly-like fluid that fills the inside of your eye. They may look like strands, webs, specks, or other shapes, but they are shadows cast on the retina.

Diabetes and Vision

Diabetes is a disease that causes your body to not use or store sugar properly. When your blood sugar gets too high, it can damage your eye by weakening or swelling the tiny blood vessels in the retina. This damage may lead to diabetic retinopathy. This disorder usually occurs in both eyes and dims or obliterates vision temporarily..

Diabetes may lead to new blood vessel growth on top of the retina. These blood vessels can develop into scar tissue, pulling the retina away from the back of the eye. This is called retinal detachment, and can lead to blindness if untreated. Additionally, irregular blood vessels can grow on the iris, leading to glaucoma.

Everyone who has diabetes is at risk for developing diabetic retinopathy. You may not notice any change in your vision in its early stages, which is why regular eye examinations are extremely important.

Nothing on this web site is intended, nor should it be construed, as professional advice. Those reviewing the information should consult with a qualified professional.